TypeManufactur

Satzschriften von Georg Salden


DeutschkurrentDeutschkurrent



The “Deutsche Kurrentschrift” is an old form of German language handwriting. Until the middle of the 20th century it was the established script for daily writing in German-speaking countries. One could call it the handwritten counterpart of Fraktur. Kant, Goethe, Schiller, Mozart, Beethoven, Nietzsche, Freud, even Einstein; they all used it for their writings. Georg Saldens digital Deutschkurrent is based on his own handwriting. It is comparatively easy to read, because it avoids all superfluousness and decoration.

See more about origin and form of the “Deutsche Kurrentschrift” and Georg Saldens Deutschkurrent here.


Commonly known as Old German Script, Kurrent is the most popular handwriting style found in non-representative handwritten German documents from the 16th through middle 20th centuries. It originally evolved from the Gothic cursive handwriting at the end of the Middle Ages. Georg Salden started at the age of 5 in school with a certain late variation of the script, called Sütterlin. He studied the originals of Deutsche Kurrentschrift at the academy and wrote first sketches for the digital font with a pointed flexible metal pen. His Deutschkurrent is comparatively easy to read, because it avoids all superfluousness and decoration.

In contrast to the ‘round’ Latin letters the Kurrentschrift is characterised by straight strokes, very sharp angles and egg-shaped curves, often tied by a small loop. German has all 26 letters used in the English alphabet, plus a few additional letters: umlauted vowels – ä, ö, and ü – and an Eszett, ß. It should also be noted that the lowercase letter ‘s’ has two different forms depending on its context. The long ‘s’ appears at the begining of a syllable, the round ‘s’ at the end of a syllable. For German words the font Deutschkurrent Expert chooses the right form of ‘s’ automatically by using a very sophisticated OpenType feature. You can also type the different ‘s’ by hand on your keyboard: The standard ‘s’ is always the long ‘s’. To get the round ‘s’ please use the number sign. For Deutschkurrent Expert the long ‘s’ is also placed on the asterisk sign (In case you wish to do corrections on the automatic ‘s’ replacement.)



For most people outside of Germany, as well as younger Germans, the Kurrentschrift is nearly illegible – perhaps even more so than Fraktur printing. Using the font Deutschkurrent one can typeset the document digitally to keep the general look of the writing whilst making the text copyable (to switch the font into a readable Latin font). Since the font contains also the appropriate Latin glpyhs (see image above), one can even type the document in readable letters while keeping the distinctive appearance of the writing.





OpenType-Features
Deutschkurrent fonts are available in OpenType Basic (no features) and OpenType Expert (features included). OpenType features provide advanced typographic performance and can be accessed by almost all professional layout software.


Fractions
Numerals separated by a slash will be replaced automatically by real fractions.


Superiors
Standard figures will be replaced by superior figures.


Inferiors
Standard figures will be replaced by inferior figures.


Ligatures
Besides the standard ligatures fi und fl the font also contains the ligatures St, de, dt and tz.


Alternate Latin Characters
Alternate glyphs of the characters b, c, e, o, r, s, u, x can be applied via Stylistic Set 01 and 02 (InDesign) or Stylistic Alternates (QuarkXpress, Illustator, Photoshop).


Long s and round s
The lowercase letter ‘s’ has two different forms depending on its context. The long ‘s’ appears at the begining of a syllable, the round ‘s’ at the end of a syllable. There are certain rules for ‘sp’, ‘st’ and ‘sch’. For German words the font Deutschkurrent Expert chooses the right form of ‘s’ automatically by using the OpenType feature Contextual Alternates. You can also type the different ‘s’ by hand on your keyboard: use the numbersign to type the round ‘s’. Use the asterisk to type the long s.


The typographic layout features can be accessed via the Opentype palette (Illustrator) or the Character palette (InDesign and QuarkXpress). All glyphs available with the font can be seen in the Glyph palette.